Yala (Ruhuna) National Park is approachable through the town of Tissamaharama in the Hambantota District of the Southern Province in the island country of Sri Lanka. The park has a very interesting history. The earliest evidence suggests that this region was inhabited as far back as 2nd Century BC. This is known from the epigraphic “Brahmi” inscriptions discovered here. Structures of the earliest Buddhist cave monastery type began to be constructed wherever there were people and many are still there in the area. This territory was part of the Rohana (Ruhuna) Kingdom which had a very advanced civilization as evinced by the remains.
There was some sudden misfortune which led to the dissemination of the civilization here and a jungle tide spread covering the past with a covering of secondary forest. These have developed to the climax stands seen in Yala (Ruhuna) National Park today.